REFINING THE MATERIAL SUBSTANCE: ARISTOTLE’S PROGRAM IN METAPHYSICS H1-5

Fabián Mié


DOI: https://doi.org/10.15691/0718-5448Vol1Iss2a243
Full text
PDF (English)

Resumen

En Metaph. Z17, Aristóteles toma un nuevo punto de partida (1041a6) en su discusión sobre la sustancia: la forma sustancial es principio y causa (1041a6-10, 1041b8), mientras que la mate­ria es un elemento (1041b31) de las sustancias mate­riales. Además, un compromiso de Aristóteles, quizá no totalmente acla­rado en Z17, es que las sustancias materiales son todos unificados (1041b11-12). Éstas son dos tesis centrales de Z17, cuya aparente ausencia en el resu­men de H1 (1042a3-23) ha despertado dudas entre los co­menta­do­res acerca del mismo proyecto de H; un libro que es visto comúnmente como un mero ma­nojo de notas so­bre temas de Z. En cuanto a la con­tribución positiva de H, los comentadores destacan poco más que la in­troducción del vocabu­lario modal de potencia y acto, en el cual se habría traducido la distinción de Z entre ma­teria y forma; y encuentran recién en la solución que H6 (1045a23-25, 1045b18-19) ofrece al pro­blema de la unidad la genuina con­tribución que hace el entero libro H. Como conse­cuencia de esta lectura, H1-5 que­dan a la sombra de H6 y resultan escasamente atendi­dos. En contra de la tendencia todavía predominante a no considerar H1-5 en sí mismos, en este artículo in­tentaré mostrar que esos capítulos desarrollan un pro­grama que prepara adecuada­mente la conclu­sión de H6. H2-3 son la pri­mera gran estación en ese progra­ma; allí Aristóteles justifica la priori­dad de la forma; posteriormente, en H4-5 hace algo similar con la uni­dad de los compues­tos materiales. De tal manera, tra­taré de mostrar que H1-5 constituyen una pieza cen­tral en el acaba­miento de la teoría sobre la sustancia material ini­ciada en Z17.


Mié F. REFINING THE MATERIAL SUBSTANCE: ARISTOTLE’S PROGRAM IN METAPHYSICS H1-5. Síntesis. 2018;1(2): 54-100. Disponible en: doi:10.15691/0718-5448Vol1Iss2a243 [Accessed 17 Sep. 2019].
Mié, F. (2018). REFINING THE MATERIAL SUBSTANCE: ARISTOTLE’S PROGRAM IN METAPHYSICS H1-5. Síntesis. Revista de Filosofía, 1(2), 54-100. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.15691/0718-5448Vol1Iss2a243

Referencias


Ackrill, John L. 1972/73. “Aristotle’s Definition of Psuche,” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 73: 119-133.

Alexander Aphrodisiensis. 1891. In Aristotelis Metaphysica Commentaria, edited by M. Hayduck Berlin: Reimer.

Angioni, Lucas. 2008. As Noçoes Aristotélicas de Substância e Essência. O Livro VII da Metafísica de Aristóteles. Campinas: Unicamp.

Baghdassarian, Fabienne. 2014. “Aristote, Métaphysique H 5: La génération des contraires et la matière,” Elenchos 35/1: 61-88.

Balme, D. M. 1992. Aristotle De Partibus Animalium I and De Generatione Animalium I (with passages from II. 1-3). Translated with Notes. With a Report on Recent Work and an Additional Bibliography by Allan Gotthelf. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Barnes, Jonathan. 1995. The Complete Works of Aristotle. The Revised Oxford Translation. Edited by J. B. 2 volumes. (Bollingen Series LXXI). Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Bostock, David. 1994. Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Books Z and H. Translated with a Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brancacci, Aldo. 1990. Oikeios logos. La filosofia del linguaggio di Antistene. Napoli: Bibliopolis.

Burnyeat, Myles. 2001. A Map of Metaphysics Z. Pittsburgh: Mathesis.

Burnyeat, Myles et alii (quoted as Londinensis). 1984. Notes on Books Eta and Theta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics. Oxford: Sub-Faculty of Philosophy.

Charles, David. 1994. “Matter and Form: Unity, Persistence, and Identity.” In Unity, Identity, and Explanation in Aristotle’s Metaphysics, edited by T. Scaltsas, D. Charles & M.L. Gill, 75-105. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Code, Alan. 1984. “The Aporematic Approach to Primary Being in Metaphysics Z.” In New Essays on Aristotle, edited by Francis J. Pelletier and John King-Farlow, 1-20. Guelph (Ontario): University of Calgary Press.

Code, Alan. (unpublished) “Aristotle on the Matter of Corpses in Metaphysics H5.”

Delcomminette, Silvain. 2014. “Métaphysique H 6: Unité de l'ousia, unité de l'eidos,” Elenchos 35/1: 89-125.

Detel, Wolfgang. 2009. Aristoteles, Metaphysik Bücher VII und VIII. Aus dem Griechischen von W. Detel und J. Wildberger. Kommentar von W. Detel. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp.

Devereux, Daniel. 2003. “The Relationship between Books Zeta and Eta of Aristotle’s Metaphysics,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 25: 159-211.

Frede, Michael and Patzig, Günther. 1988. Aristoteles, Metaphysik Z. Text, Übersetzung und Kommentar. 2 volumes. München: Beck.

Frede, Michael. 1994. “Aristotle’s Notion of Potentiality in Metaphysics Θ.” In Unity, Identity, and Explanation in Aristotle’s Metaphysics, edited by T. Scaltsas, D. Charles & M.L. Gill, 173-193. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Galluzzo, Gabriele. 2006. “Metaphysics Z: Contemporary Interpretations.” In Aristotle’s Metaphysics Book Z: The Contemporary Debate, edited by Gabriele Galluzzo and Mauro Mariani, 61-211. Pisa: Edizione della Normale.

Gill, Mary Louise. 1989. Aristotle on Substance. The Paradox of Unity. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Gill, Mary Louise. 1996. “Metaphysics H 1-5 on Perceptible Substances.” In Aristoteles, Metaphysik. Die Substanzbücher (Z, H, Θ), edited by C. Rapp, 209-228. Berlin: Akademie.

Gill, Mary Louise. 2006. “First Philosophy in Aristotle.” In A Companion to Ancient Philosophy, edited by M. L. Gill and Pierre Pellegrin, 347-373. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gill, Mary Louise. 2010. “Unity of Definition in Metaphysics H.6 and Z.12.” In Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle, edited by James G. Lennox and Robert Bolton, 97-121. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gould, Stephen Jay. 1989. Wonderful Life. The Burgess Shale and the Nature of History. New York: Norton.

Harte, Verity. 1996. “Aristotle’s Metaphysics H 6 − a Dialectic with Platonism,” Phronesis 41: 276-304.

Hussey, Edward. 1983. Aristotle, Physics. Books III and IV. Translated with Introduction and Notes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Jaeger, W. 1957. Aristotelis Metaphysica. Recognovit brevique adnotatione critica instruxit W. J. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kosman, L. A. 1969. “Aristotle’s Definition of Motion,” Phronesis 14: 40-62.

Kosman, L. A. 1987. “Animals and Other Beings in Aristotle.” In Philosophical Issues in Aristotle’s Biology, edited by Allan Gotthelf and James Lennox, 360-391. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lewis, Frank. 1996. “Aristotle on the Unity of Substance.” In Form, Matter, and Mixture in Aristotle, edited by Frank Lewis and Robert Bolton, 39-81. Los Angeles: University of Southern California.

Lewis, Frank. 2013. How Aristotle gets by in Metaphysics Zeta. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Liddell, H. G. and Scott, R. 1992. A Greek-English Lexicon. Compiled by L. and S. Revised and augmented throughout by Sir H. Stuart Jones with the assistance of R. McKenzie and with the co-operation of many scholars. With a Supplement (1968) edited by E. A. Barber with the assistance of P. Maas, M. Scheller and M. L. West. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Loux, Michael. 1991. Primary Ousia. An Essay on Aristotle’s Metaphysics Z and H. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press

Loux, Michael. 1995. “Composition and Unity: An Examination of Metaphysics H 6.” In The Crossroads of Norm and Nature, edited by May Sim, 247-279. Lanham (Maryland): Rowman & Littlefield.

Makin, Stephen. 2006. Aristotle, Metaphysics Book Θ. Translated with an Introduction and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Menn, Stephen. The Aim and the Argument of Aristotle’s Metaphysics (unpublished, available at: https://www.philosophie.hu-berlin.de/de/lehrbereiche/antike/mitarbeiter/menn/contents )

Morel, Pierre-Marie. 2015. Aristote, Métaphysique Livre Èta. Introduction, traduction et commentaire. Parin: Vrin.

Pfeiffer, Christian. 2016. “Metaphysik H.” (unpublished).

Rapp, Christof. 2018. “Diaphorai in Aristotle, Metaphysics H 2.” (unpublished).

Rhenius, Ralph. 2005. Die Einheit der Substanzen bei Aristoteles, Berlin: Akademie.

Ross, W. D. 1924. Aristotle. Metaphysics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ross, W. D. 1936. Aristotle, Physics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ross. W. D. 1949. Aristotle, Prior and Posterior Analytics. A Revised Text with Introduction and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Seminara, Simone. 2014. Matter and Explanation. On Aristotle’s Metaphysics Book H. Universitè de Lyon - Roma Tre University (Doctoral dissertation; unpublished).

Seminara, Simone. 2018. “Are there Two Accounts of Hylomorphism in Metaphysics Book H?” Méthexis 30: 98-112.

Steinfath, Holmer. 1996. “Die Einheit der Definition und die Einheit der Substanz. Zum Verhältnis von Met. Z 12 und H 6.” In Aristoteles, Metaphysik. Die Substanzbücher (Z, H, Θ), edited by C. Rapp, 229-251. Berlin: Akademie.

Vigo, Alejandro 1995. Aristóteles, Física. Libros III-IV. Traducción, introducción y comentario. Buenos Aires: Biblos.

Wedin, Michael. 2000. Aristotle’s Theory of Substance. The Categories and Metaphysics Z. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Yu, J. 1997. “Two Conceptions of Hylomorphism in Metaphysics ZHΘ,” Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy, 15: 119-145.


Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.


Copyright (c) 2018 Fabián Mié

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-CompartirIgual 4.0 Internacional.